Energy Crisis Has Europe Hoarding Wood, Cleaning Chimneys, Mulling Dung

Energy Crisis Has Europe Hoarding Wood, Cleaning Chimneys, Mulling Dung

They consume about twice as much as the whole EU-15, which is about 3% of their total primary energy supply. In the Europe-non-EU group, Turkey is the largest consumer, although wood energy consumption is sharply decreasing in this country. Figure 9 shows a very high share of wood energy in the total primary energy supply in Albania.. The Albania wood energy figure is an estimated figure which almost completely consists of the FAO fuelwood figures . Most notable from Figure 6 is that the share of wood energy in total energy supply is, except for Japan, much higher than the average in the European Union. Although it is not as high as in the new EU member states, the 4% for Canada equals the French figure and the 3% for the USA is also higher than the EU-15 average. An interesting difference between Canada and the USA shows up when the previous figures are compared with the share of wood energy in total removals.

  • Their homes are robust, and built to last 400 years without having to make substantial repairs.
  • The available data on total wood energy consumption are quite low in absolute terms as compared with the other regions, except for Turkey.
  • However, as the United States kept expanding and accepting people from over the world, their influence has had a massive impact on how homes look and which materials they are made from.
  • To keep up productivity, new workers need to be attracted, equipped with existing skills, and also updated with the new skills needed for novel high-tech processes and products.
  • Explanations for this difference could be the high energy intensity in the USA in combination with the strong forestry tradition in Canada.

Glass panes provided humans with the ability to both let light into rooms while at the same time keeping inclement weather outside. After mixing, the cement hydrates and eventually hardens into a stone-like material. When used in the generic sense, this is the material referred to by the term “concrete”. Wood and natural fibers are composed of various soluble organic compounds like carbohydrates, glycosides and phenolics. Therefore, before using a wood in making cement bonded composites, its compatibility with cement is assessed. The cinder block supplemented or replaced fired bricks in the late 20th century often being used for the inner parts of masonry walls and by themselves.


A new movement is seeking to bring wood back, and build taller with timber. Sand is used with cement, and sometimes lime, to make mortar for masonry work and plaster.

Cement Composites

Wood is a product of trees, and sometimes other fibrous plants, used for construction purposes when cut or pressed into lumber and timber, such as boards, planks and similar materials. It is a generic building material and is used in building just about any type of structure in most climates. Wood can be very flexible under loads, keeping strength while bending, and is incredibly strong when compressed vertically. There are many differing qualities to the different types of wood, even among same tree species. This means specific species are better suited for various uses than others.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *